|Spotlight on this industry
The automotive sector brings together car manufacturers, Tier 1 suppliers and many parts vendors as well as numerous subcon-tractors belonging to various sectors (tool and die, plastics, stamping, foundry, electronics, automation, etc.).
It also includes manufacturers of trucks, buses and coaches, as well as autobody shops. This sector is structured around five main business divisions: distribution (vehicles and fuel), car maintenance, services for drivers, drivers training and recycling.
The industry has developed an action plan for a limited number of high-stakes structural projects:
> Environmental: with the arrival of the electric motor and the evolution of hybrids, which will profoundly impact the whole sector;
> Digital: with the connected, intelligent, autonomous vehicle and the emergence of subjects as complex as the protection of data held by a vehicle;
> Societal: with new mobility offers and a profound evolution of the relationship between humans and cars.
On-board electronics mean piloting and controlling all the functions of the vehicle to improve comfort and security, to reduce global energy consumption and emissions. Valeo (specialized in systems and electrical and electronic equipment for motors and parts) and Autoliv (specialized in security equipment for vehicles) work in this sector.
The automotive sector files more patents in France and invests more than 6 billion euros a year in R&D. Valeo, a global group, holds the largest number of patent filings in France.