The automotive industry in the Val d'Oise

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371companies (manufacturers, equipment manufacturers, distributors and engineering companies) employing a total of around 75 000 people
– 11.7% of all employees in the region
– are involved in the Val d'Oise automotive industry.

carre They include some leading equipment manufacturers (Johnson Controls, Valeo, and Autoliv) and subsidiaries of major accounts (PSA and Renault), working with a rich and highly effective network of subcontractors, particularly in the field of precision mechanics (ABB) as well as electronics and software development (Thalès, Sagem)

THE RISE OF MECHATRONICS

carre The mechatronics industry is well represented in the Val d'Oise by companies located in the département (Faurecia, Dassault Systems, PSA, Renault, Sagem Défense Sécurité, Thalès and Valeo) and their subcontracting SMEs. This industry is at the heart of one of the areas of strategic business in the Mov'eo competitiveness cluster (cf. pages 3-4) which brings together these companies. The same is true of the ENSEA (Graduate School for Electronics and Applications) at Cergy-Pontoise, the préfecture of the Val d'Oise.

Four strategic directions corresponding to the key challenges facing mechatronics have been established within the Mov'eo cluster.

Mechatronic modelling and design process management resources:
- developing design tools,
- developing multiphysics simulation,
- improving the simultaneous engineering process.

New technologies:
- innovation in assembly technologies,
- using new materials.

Actuators and mechatronic systems:
- innovating with new actuators and highly integrated mechatronic sensors.

Sturdy and reliable mechatronic construction:
- achieving design robustness,
- ensuring a high level of reliability.

 

« In order to survive, an SME like ours must build bridges with research clusters. This is what the Mov'eo cluster provides us with in the département, enabling us to take part in the development of innovative technologies upstream, pool our knowledge and envisage growth on a worldwide scale. »
Michel Floutard, managing director of the Soufflerie Climatique Île-de-France climatic wind tunnel. »

 


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The implementation of collaborative projects to take up these new challenges is vital, and the Val d'Oise is willing and ready to get involved both through multinationals' local research laboratories and innovating SMEs.

GROWTH OF THE ROBOTICS AND AUTOMATION INDUSTRY
carre The automotive industry uses robotics both in production and in embedded robotics. The robotics and automation industry is growing every year. Having begun in Asian countries such as Japan, it is gradually spreading to the rest of the world. The Val d'Oise sees itself as a player in this industry for several reasons: for many years it has had an exchange agreement with the city of Osaka in Japan, the future world robot capital. In 2000, it formed the Val d'Oise Japan club, gathering some sixty companies, and there are regular 

exchanges between the EISTI (the International School of Data Processing Sciences) and the robotics centre in Osaka. The presence of the Swiss-Swedish group ABB, with around 700 employees at ABB MC in Cergy-Pontoise will no doubt further strengthen the reputation of the Val d'Oise, encouraging other French and foreign companies to locate there in the future.

MECHATRONICS REVOLUTIONISES THE AUTOMOTIVE WORLD
carre Electronics in the automobile world has taken a resolutely innovative direction, with the goal of guiding and controlling all the functions of a vehicle in order to improve comfort and safety, whilst reducing overall energy consumption and air pollution emissions. With these developments it has become apparent that electronics can no longer be 

« placed alongside » a mechanical unit to be controlled by it, but must be inserted, integrated and deployed within the mechanical unit itself. The design of new electronic components therefore requires the convergence of the worlds of mechanics and electronics, creating a new discipline: mechatronics. The notion of integration lies at the very heart of mechatronic design.

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The CEEVO promotes a number of strategic sectors of excellence in the Val d'Oise, working in partnership with networks of high-performance companies involved in these areas of business, most of which participate in the competitiveness cluster initiative.

SOME OF THE COMPANIES LOCATED IN THE VAL D'OISE

3M FRANCE
ABB MC
AKEBONO EUROPE
ARCELOR AUTO PROCESSING France
AUTOLIV NCS
FAURECIA Industries
GENERAL MOTORS
HUTCHINSON
LEAR CORPORATION
MALHE FILTERSYSTEM
Sagem Groupe SAFRAN
SEMMIP
SOUFFLERIE CLIMATIQUE D’ÎLE-DE-FRANCE
TELMA - Groupe Valeo
THALES
VALEO
Johnson Controls Electronics 

ÎLE-DE-FRANCE MECHANICS COMMITTEE
carre IGathering 800 - 900 companies in the Val d'Oise and working on the creation of an intermediation hub listing one thousand regional companies with high added-value manufacturing or technological capabilities.
It aims to:

- promote mechanical companies in the Greater Paris area,

- facilitate closer relationships between companies, so that they can respond to requests from prime contractors together.

 


RAVY CLUB – VAL D'OISE – YVELINES AUTOMOTIVE NETWORK
carre The RAVY provides the opportunity for reflection and practical joint action serving the Val d'Oise and Yvelines automotive industry. Created and supported by the Versailles Val d'Oise-Yvelines Chamber of Commerce and Industry, it brings together 27 companies from this area.
It aims to:

- deal with shared problems collectively;

- foster and promote a united image of the automotive industry;

- defend the interests of the automotive industry to local players.

 

RBRINGING TOGETHER RESEARCHERS AND COMPANIES ONCE A YEAR
carre As part of the efforts by the CESE 95 (Val d'Oise Further Education / Company Forum) to bring further education institutions and SMEs and SMIs closer together in the département, the CEEVO is heavily involved each year in the Val d'Oise Research and Innovation Week.
A wide variety of events are on offer locally during the course of the week: lectures, visits to factories, companies and research laboratories, business meetings, and so on. Free of charge and open to all, this event is an opportunity to get to know some of the companies and laboratories in the automobile industry as well as the projects which are part of the Mov'eo competitiveness cluster.
One recent edition, based on competitiveness clusters, enabled participants to discover the involvement of two Val d'Oise engineering schools in the Mov'eo cluster: the EPMI and its Cisco academy and the ITIN, as well as some of the manufacturing secrets of Autoliv and the Soufflerie Climatique d'Île-de-France wind tunnel.


Research and further education:
- UCP: University of Cergy-Pontoise
- EPMI: School of Electricity, Production and Industrial Methods
- ENSEA: Graduate School for Electronics and Applications

Public laboratories:
- ETIS (ENSEA-UCP-CNRS): Signal and Image Processing Laboratory
- ECIME (ENSEA-UCP): Instrumentation and Electronic Modelling Laboratory
- ECS (ENSEA): System Command Laboratory
- LEEVAM: Energy, Environment, Materials and Valuation Laboratory
- MRTE: Mobility, Networks, Territory and Environment Laboratory
- SATIE (UCP-CNRS-ENS Cachan-CNAM): Information and Energy Technology Systems and Applications Laboratory

 

Private laboratories:
- AUTOLIV NCS
- ABB
- JOHNSON CONTROLS
- VALEO
- AKEBONO EUROPE
- TYCO ELECTRONICS

 

 

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There are over 200 public research scientists in the Val d'Oise involved in the automotive industry - 20% of the total number of public-sector R&D workers in the Mov'eo cluster. Some laboratories at the University of Cergy-Pontoise are doing research on issues related to those in the cluster: Laboratoires LEEVAM, MRTE, SATIE, ECS, ETIS and ECIME. In addition, the University of Cergy-Pontoise and the EISTI, EPMI and ENSEA graduate engineering schools offer high-level training courses in robotics and automation and boast qualified research centres. There are 1 250 private-sector researchers in the département, 12% of the total number of private-sector R&D workers in the Mov'eo cluster. The main private-sector R&D centres in the Val d'Oise include the R&D centres of Autoliv, Valéo, Akebono Europe and Tyco Electronics.

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In order to consolidate its position in the increasingly competitive world economy, France has formed regional competitiveness clusters with a worldwide or national vocation. The aim is to bring together companies, research centres and training bodies to pool skills. They follow the industrial policy already developed in neighbouring Germany and Italy. Each cluster based in the Val d'Oise opens up the département to the world economy.

carre Aeronautics, health, information and communication technologies, transport, energy, finance, and more. The list of the 71 projected clusters, drawn up by the CIADT (Interministerial Regional Planning and Development Committee) covers all the major sectors of business throughout France. With the financial backing of the State, the listed clusters also benefit from tax breaks and reduced social contributions. In addition, local authorities may offer exemption from local taxes.

6 COMPETITIVENESS CLUSTERS IN THE VAL D'OISE
carre Six of the existing or aspiring world-class competitiveness clusters directly involve companies located in the Val d'Oise: ASTech Paris Région, Cap Digital Paris Région, Finance Innovation, Medicen Paris Région, Mov'eo and System@tic Paris Région.

Receiving the «Competitiveness Cluster» label has an immediate knock-on effect for the «département», enhancing both its brand image and the reputation of its companies, universities and research institutions.


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The Mov'eo cluster carries the strategic and technological vision of the key players in the automotive industry as well as from the world of aeronautics, highways engineering and public transport.

Mov'eo (a competitiveness cluster with a worldwide vocation) exercises its skills in the fields of automobiles and public transport, concentrating on the issues of road safety, mobility and care for the environment. Major industrial groups in the sector located in the Val d'Oise include Valeo, Thalès, Johnson Controls, Autoliv NCS, Sagem, 3M, Akebono Europe and others, actively working together with a large number of SMEs and the main automotive equipment manufactures.

FLEX-FUEL, A PROJECT AT THE HEART OF THE MOV'EO CLUSTER
The Flex-Fuel-3G project is the subject of a partnership between Valeo Systèmes Contrôle Moteur (VSCM), the French Oil Institute (IFP) and Cristal Union. It aims to make biofuels useable at low temperatures.
To date, biofuels available on the market do not enable a cold start without the additional help of a petrol tank, due to the low volatility

of ethanol. This had led to the development of flex-fuel (flexible fuel) vehicles, which can handle petrol-alcohol mixes and adjust their engine configuration to the composition of the fuel supply. The aim of Valeo's project within the Mov'eo cluster is to produce a system for cold starts enabling engines to work on alcohol alone at temperatures as low as -30° and to guarantee all the engine's running phases.
A dozen or so researchers are working on this project in the Valeo teams in Cergy-Pontoise in the Val d'Oise. This project takes into account the regulatory changes expected in 2010 with respect to polluting emissions and helps reduce CO2 exhaust levels. Eventually, Valeo aims to market electronic systems and engine control components including cold start devices.

Contacts : Tél. : 02 35 65 78 20
www.valeo.com - www.pole-moveo.org
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it."> This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

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ÎLE-DE-FRANCE CLIMATIC WIND TUNNEL, THE TECHNOLOGICAL GEM OF THE VAL D'OISE
carre The business of this SME, which employs six staff and which was originally a spin-off from Valeo, is to reproduce the whole range of extreme climatic conditions (from -37°C to +50°C), to test new products from automobile and automotive equipment manufacturers at vehicle speeds of between 0 and 230 km/h. The systems used by the Soufflerie enable the behaviour of these new models to be observed. In this way engine cooling, interior comfort (air conditioning, heating, etc.) are tested and the development of new technologies, such as hybrid, electric and fuel-cell vehicles are being studied.

Mov'eo for worldwide growth
« Cergy-Pontoise, the prefecture of the Val d'Oise, has the second largest concentration of automotive equipment manufacturers in the Île-de-France region, comments Michel Floutard, CEO. However, in order to grow, a small structure like ours must build bridges with research clusters. This is what the Mov'eo cluster provides us with in the department, enabling us to take part in the development of innovative technologies upstream, pool our knowledge and envisage worldwide growth. »

Over 3 million euros invested for the environment
Under the leadership of its CEO, SCIdF has set itself strict terms of reference and has complied with ISO 14001 environmental standards, certifying the absence of greenhouse gas emissions for cold production, the protection of natural water resources for cooling installations and limiting the amount of noise emission for the good of all concerned.

ENSEA CERGY: AT THE HEART OF MECHATRONICS
carre Jean-Pierre Barbot, in charge of the Systems Command Laboratory at the ENSEA, has benefited from the longstanding work carried out in this graduate engineering school to design embedded systems (« smart » equipment which interacts directly with the environment) for use in the automotive industry
and elsewhere. The design of these systems, one of the developments arising out of the field of mechatronics, forms part of the safety and security aspect of the world-class Mov'eo cluster.
Jean-Pierre Barbot says, « The ECS has helped draft part of the O2M (Mechatronic Modelling Tools1 project ). In addition, SUPMECA2 , the EISTI3 and the ENSEA4 plan to create an Institut National Polytechnique to strengthen the synergy between mechanics, electronics and computing at the level of training and research. And in a further expression of the synergy between these three disciplines and schools, a project for Electric Flight Controls for light aviation is being implemented in the ASTech Paris Région5 cluster. One of the major challenges for competitiveness clusters such as Mov'eo is to supply development assistance for innovating companies and SMEs (Valeo, Autoliv Electronic, Ateliers Laumonier, Infort, etc.) based on the expressed needs of major manufacturers and the research conducted in university and / or industrial laboratories. »

1 Mechatronic modelling tools are pieces of operational software for workingon the design, production, and verification of a virtual part before it enters production. 2 SUPMECA: Paris Higher Institute of Mechanics. 3 EISTI: International School of Data Processing Sciences. 4 ENSEA: Graduate School for Electronics and Applications. 5 ASTech: a competitiveness cluster based on the development of innovation in the aerospace industry (business aviation, space and propulsion).

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